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Polimat: Research areas | Technical products for advanced applications and energy
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Technical products for advanced applications and energy

This scope of research focuses on the development of high value-added technology materials. The key research focus is on nanotechnology: new nanocomposites and nano-organized materials which will improve specific material properties.

Composites, nanocomposites and nanostructures

The project objective is the development of a new generation of composite and nanocomposite materials with enhanced properties which allow:

  • advanced applications of the materials and therefore higher market prices
  • better competitiveness of materials with enhanced properties and unaffected price

Individual tasks are defined with respect to the application for which a composite is developed.
Successful completion of the project will present an important step in the transition to a low-carbon society, due to the potential of the development of new and more effective photocells for the reduction of fossil fuel consumption.

Key research and development activities:

  • development of nanocomposite polymer materials with enhanced mechanical properties, high UV absorption and high resistance to sunlight on the basis of PMMA, PC and PET basis,
  • development of photosensitive nanocomposites for application in photonics and polymer composites with ferromagnetic particles for application in neutron optics,
  • development of polymer composites with molybdenum and tungsten disulfide and TMCH nanoparticles for application in solar cells,
  • development of composite membranes based on polypropylene for water purification with enhanced filtering and mechanical properties,
  • development of new two and three phase composites with significantly enhanced mechanical properties,
  • development of a passivation procedure of polymer-inorganic fibre composites for the enhancement of commutator quality.

Hydrogenated carbon in fusion reactors

The most effective way for the CO2 emission reduction is the development of alternative energy sources, one of them being hydrogen isotope fusion. The main technological obstacle in the development of fusion reactors is the accumulation of radioactive tritium in hydrogenated carbon deposits. The composition and structure of the deposits differ, the most problematic being the so called soft composites which bear similarity to certain polymers. The research objective is to develop a systematic removal procedure for deposits with neutral plasma radicals. Successful realization of the project and successful realization of fusion reactor ITER will represent a significant achievement in the transition to a low-carbon society, due to significant reduction of the fossil fuel consumption.

Key research and development activities:

  • development of a laboratory source of plasma radicals with the capacity of 1x1019s-1 ,
  • development of large source of plasma radicals  with the capacity of 1x1021s-1,
  • development of a procedure for removal of deposits with O radicals,
  • development of a procedure for removal of deposits with H radicals,
  • optimization of the procedure with synergistic effects of O, H and OH radicals,
  • development of a prototype of device for removal of deposits.
Noga
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